The second most populated country in the world is full of variety: here you will the sun-drenched beaches in the south and snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas in the north, modest villages without water or electricity, but also the most modern cities. Regardless of whether you go on an adventure to a wildlife safari or if you visit the largest temple of love, Taj Mahal, India is a place that you will remeber forever.
Located in South Asia, India occupies most of the Indian subcontinent. It borders with Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Bhutan, Nepal, and Pakistan in the north, while there is an exit to the Indian Ocean on the south, where her closest neighbors are Sri Lanka and the Maldives. About four percent of the country covers more than 90 national parks, and around 482 reserves for wild animals. India is special because of the wild tigers and lions.
The first name for India, Bharata Vars, is mentioned in the five thousand year old Vedas. The present name is derived from the word Sindhu, the local name for the Indus river. India has a variety of ethnic groups and more than a billion inhabitants. You can hear more than a hundred different languages of which the official is hindi, english, and 21other national languages and 844 dialects. The capital is New Delhi with over 10 million people, and the largest metropolitan areas are Mumbai in the southwest and Calcutta on the river Ganges.
India hides many surprised for its visitors that come here from all over the world. As a tourist you can enjoy the endless beaches along the coast, fans of winter fun and fresh mountain air can head towards the magnificant, snow-covered mountains. Taj Mahal is perfect fo the romantics, the most famous temple of love in the world. You can also expect to find many beautiful buddhist temples, and the festivals around the country are here to provide you with an unforgettable experience.
Millions of visitors come to India each year to practice meditation and to renew their spirits. An ideal place for peace, quiet, and undisturbed walks in the endless pine forests where you will only be interfered by birds singing. Every corner of this, seventh largest, state of the world has its special charms of which neither will leave you indifferent.
Indian culinary specialties, especially curry, are popular foods in almost all parts of the world. But during your stay in India do not miss on an opportunity to try all kinds of authentic delicacies that you probably won’t find in any restaurant. Watch out for the hygiene of the place where you are eating.
3 most attractive tourist destinations in India:
Architectural monument in Agra, a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, is one of the most famous monuments to love. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Dzahan in the memory of his young wife Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal is under UNESCO protection as a monument of World Heritage.
Monuments of Hampia
Hampi is a village inside the ruins of an old Indian capital of Vijayanagara, in the north of present-day Indian state of Karnataka. In the 15th and 16th century Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire (1336.-1565.), a center of commerce, religion and culture, and the largest city in India with a big number of landmark buildings. Monuments of Hampia were registered on UNESCO list of World Heritage sites in Asia and Oceania in 1986.
Tiger reserve Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is known for its national parks, pristine nature, and provides shelter to wild animals of which tigers are the most numerous. Visitors can see the tigers in their natural environment, as well as many other exotic species of animals and birds.
Official languages: hindi, English, and 21 national languages with 844 dialects
Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism and other local religions
Currency: Indian rupi INR (100 pais)
How to travel: via airplane; international airport Indira Gandhi is in New Delhi where you can take the subway, taxi, or a bus to get to your destination of choice.
When to travel: From November to February. Monsoon rains are mostly during summers, between June and September.
Visa: Visa is necessary for foreign tourists when traveling to India. You can get it at the Embassy of India, Kulmerska 23a, 10000 Zagreb.
Diseases and prevention: no vaccinations are necessary if you traveling from Croatia. Malaria, tifus, and hepatitis vaccinations are recommended.
Accomodation: Among the most expensive hotels in Delhi you can choose between the following: Hyatt Regency Delhi (five stars), Radisson Hotel Delhi (four stars) or Hotel Palace Heights (three stars). Prices range between 90 and 140 euros.
Restaurants in Delhi: Among the most popular is the restaurant Saravana Bhavan that offers southern Indian cuising with authentic specialties. In Big Chill you can try the Indian and international delicacies.
State holidays: 26th of January (Day of Republic), 15th of August (Independence Day), 2nd of October (birthday of Mahatma Gandhi and 25th of December (Christmas)
Drink only bottled water. Eat only in hotels and tested restaurants.
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