Georgia is a country located in the east coast of the Black Sea. It arose in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union, which never benefited politically due to the fact that Stalin was born in it.
Political instability is present in the last twenty years due to separatist tendencies in the provinces of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Adjara.
It has an area of 669,700 km2 and about 5 million inhabitants, from whom 1.5 million live in the capital Tbilisi. It has a land border (total 1461 km) with Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey. The longest river Kura is 1510 km long, the highest peak in the Caucasus is Shkhara which rises to 5068 meters.
Since 1995 it is the semi-formed republic with one legislative house.
Georgia’s economy is based on agriculture (mostly citrus fruits, tea and wine), followed by mining (coal, natural gas, copper, manganese) and tourism. Gross national product per capita was $ 3,616 according to data from 2005, and unemployment is at a high 15 percent.
Most of the population are Georgians (83.8 percent), the Azeri (6 percent), Armenians (5.7 percent), Russians (1.5 percent) are in minority, and all others form 3 percent.
In Tbilisi, it is interesting to visit the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, and the Zion Cathedral Church Anchiskhati and Metekhi are also significant. One of the town symbols is the sculpture Kartlis Deda (Mother Georgia). You should visit the fortress Narikala, whose construction began in the 4th century.
There is a beautiful city Batumi in the Black Sea surrounded with palm trees and many palaces.
Borjomi is a picturesque town with the famous mineral water springs, and there is also the national park and the former summer residence of the Russian dynasty Romanov.
Mtskheta is the former capital and the center of the Georgian Orthodox Church, which is on UNESCO’s World Heritage list.
Sukhumi is the capital of Abkhazia, with fantastic beaches under the mountains.
In the city Telavi you should visit wineries and magnificent castles and monasteries.
Official language: Georgian
Religion: Orthodox (84 percent), Muslim (10 percent), Armenian apostles (4 percent), Catholics (1 percent), and 1 percent of all others.
Currency: 1 lari = 100 tetra
Climate: subtropical in the west and continental in the eastern part of the country
Time difference: + 4 hours regarding to Croatia
How to travel: by plane to the main airport in Tbilisi
When to travel: it is best to travel in May, June and September.
Diseases and Prevention: Vaccination is not necessary. Before the trip get more detail from the web site of the World Health Organization (WHO www.who.int).
Visa: Not required
Hotels: in Tbilisi at Hotel VIP Victoria 3-star hotel where you can stay for 70 Euros, the British House’s 4-star hotel for 86 euros, and in the luxurious 5-star in Radisson Blu Iveria Hotel which costs 192 euros, slightly lower prices are in the Black Sea resort of Batumi
Restaurants: Dzveli Sakhi in Tbilisijiu prefers the Georgian and Russian cuisine, the same with Sachashnike international cuisine, sea and traditional food are best at Lungi in Batumi.
Even though they have mountain springs of water, it is recommended to drink bottled water and eat in verified restaurants.
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