Known for its cognac and turbulent history, Armenia is the oldest proud sanctuary of Christian nation in the world.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the country had experienced boom in traditional culture, and its capital Yerevan is the center of cultural activities and modern art scene. In Armenia, you will find a beautiful landscape with dense forest, idyllic lakes and deserts, and perhaps its most valuable treasures are fascinating ancient monasteries and candle-lit churches.
Armenia is located south of the Caucasus, in the mountains between the Black and Caspian Seas, and covers an area of 29,800 square kilometers. 1254 kilometers long borders, it is surrounded with Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iran, and it has about 3.3 million inhabitants. Because of the stormy history, Armenians have large diasporas around the world, around 8 million of them, from Russia and France all the way to the United States and Canada.
The highest mountain peak is Aragac, which rises up to a height of 4090 meters, the longest river is the Araks (914 kilometers) which only partly flows through Armenia, and the largest lake is Sevan, which occupies an area of 1417 square kilometers.
The capital Yerevan is one of the world’s oldest cities, where about 1.3 million inhabitants live. In the city, whose walls are still hiding the ghosts of the past, you can enjoy and visit many attractive museums and galleries. You will not be disappointed with their bars, or the various concerts that are held here. The city also has a rich nightlife.
Armenia is a country with an old history and is known for being the first one which adopted Christianity as its state religion in 301. It gained Autonomy in 1988, when it was separated from the Soviet Union, with whom it has a good relationship even today. But this is not true for Turkey, which sacrificed about a million if Armenians in 1915, as well as for Azerbaijan with whom they fought for the land in Karabah for almost half a century.
Armenia was established as a republic with one legislative house, and is just starting to get used to democracy. Armenia has a large number of mineral resources such as copper, zinc, gold, lead and molybdenum. The culture is also very well developed. Armenians are becoming famous for their excellent wines, especially the brandy, which is called the Armenian cognac. Gross national product per capita is still quite low ($ 4,270), with an unemployment rate of 12 percent.
The kindness and hospitality of the people from Armenia is well known, and many will discover the beauty and heritage of this country with enthusiasm. Armenians form 98 percent of the population, Yazid 1.3 percent, Russians 0.5 percent, and an insignificant percentage goes to the rest.
Do not miss to see the biblical mountain Ararat, where, according to tradition, Noah stranded with his ship after the flood.
In the Matenadaran Institute there is a museum of medieval records from history, philosophy, medicine and art.
Monastery Geghardt is worth visiting, carved into the mountain, which is under the protection of UNESCO.
History under protection of UNESCO
The administrative center of the Armenian church is in the town of Echmiadzin, where St. Hripsime church from the 7th century is also under protection of UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
In Armenia you can enjoy in the magic ride with the longest cable car in the world, 5.7 kilometers long, which will take you to the monastery Tatev.
Official language: Armenian, but the Russian is still widely used.
Religion: Armenian Orthodox (98 percent), while the Catholics, Muslims and others account 2 percent
Currency: 1 dram = 100 luma
Climate: continental climate with little rainfall, hot summers and cold winters.
Time difference: +3 hours regarding Croatia.
How to travel: by plane through Vienna to the main airport in Yerevan Zvartnots International Airport.
When to travel: the best time for traveling are April and Maym and September and October.
Diseases and Prevention: Vaccination is not necessary, but get more information before traveling on web site of the World Health Organization (WHO).
Visa: it costs $ 10 and you get it when entering the country. For further information, Croatian citizens can contact the following address: Trg Ante Starcevic 5 / 1, 10 000 Zagreb.
Hotels: in the capital Yerevan you can stay at the Ani Plaza Hotel, 4-star hotel for 119 Euros or the Golden Tulip Hotel, 5-star hotel for 143 euros, the Arpa Hotel, 3-star hotel for 50 euros in Yeghegnadzor.
Restaurants: traditional Armenian cuisine can be tasted in 8th Miracle and Ararat in Yerevan, or even the restaurant Zanazan located in the Village Tspatagh- which perfectly combines traditional and modern kitchen and has an amazing view on the Lake Sevan.
There is a risk of traveling in certain areas, and especially in areas near the border with Azerbaijan, because of the unresolved dispute over Nagorno Karabakh region, and armed incidents in the border area. There is the possibility of politically motivated demonstrations and protests which may be violent in the capital Yerevan, but also in other parts of the country. Croatian citizens are advised to be careful and to avoid any gathering. Land border with Turkey and Azerbaijan are closed. Armenia is located in the seismically active area. As for the food and beverage, Armenia has the mountain springs of water, but you won’t do wrong if you drink from the bottle.